Material Safety Data Sheet
Cadmium metal, granular
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification
MSDS Name: Cadmium metal, granular
1 Reagent Lane
Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call: 201-796-7100
Emergency Number: 201-796-7100
For CHEMTREC assistance, call: 800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call: 703-527-3887
Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients
|| 100 ||231-152-8
Section 3 - Hazards Identification
Appearance: silver white granules.
Danger! Flammable solid. May be fatal if inhaled.
Harmful if swallowed. Causes eye, skin, and respiratory tract
irritation. Contains cadmium. Cancer hazard. Avoid creating dust.
Can cause lung and kidney disease. Inhalation of fumes may cause
metal-fume fever. Air sensitive. May cause reproductive and fetal
Target Organs: Blood, kidneys, liver, lungs,
skeletal structures, prostate.
Potential Health Effects
Causes eye irritation.
Causes skin irritation.
Harmful if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with
nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Ingestion may produce fluid loss,
acute renal failure, and cardiopulmonary depression.
May be fatal if inhaled. Inhalation of fumes may cause metal fume
fever, which is characterized by flu-like symptoms with metallic
taste, fever, chills, cough, weakness, chest pain, muscle pain and
increased white blood cell count. Damage may be delayed. May cause
nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, chest tightness,
weakness, and delayed pulmonary edema. In humans inhalation causes
proteinuria, an excess of protein in the urine.
May cause respiratory tract cancer. Repeated inhalation may cause
chronic bronchitis. Chronic inhalation may cause nasal septum
ulceration and perforation. Cadmium and compounds may cause lung,
liver and kidney damage and lung and prostate cancer in humans. May
cause loss of smell, emphysema, anemia, bone demineralization, and
lung fibrosis. The primary target organ for chronic cadmium disease
is clearly the kidney.
Section 4 - First Aid Measures
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes,
occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15
minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing
Do not induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4
cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an
unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
POISON material. If inhaled, get medical aid immediately. Remove
victim to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration.
If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Attempt rescue only after
notifying at least one other person of the emergency and putting into
effect established emergency procedures. Do not become a casualty
Notes to Physician:
Administration of calcium disodium EDTA may be useful in acute
poisoning with its use at the discretion of qualified medical
personnel. Persons with kidney disease, chronic respiratory disease,
liver disease, or skin disease may be at increased risk from
exposure to this substance.
Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in
pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full
protective gear. Material can spontaneously ignite (pyrophoric) when
exposed to air at normal or slightly elevated temperatures. Dust can
be an explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Flammable
solid. May burn rapidly with flare burning effect. May re-ignite
after fire is extinguished. Dangerous fire hazard in the form of dust
when exposed to heat or flame.
Use dry sand, graphite powder, dry sodium chloride-based
Flash Point: Not available.
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
(estimated) Health: 4; Flammability: 2; Instability: 1
Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated
in Section 8.
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal
container. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Remove all sources of
ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. Place under an
Section 7 - Handling and Storage
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash thoroughly after handling.
Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Minimize dust
generation and accumulation. Use spark-proof tools and explosion
proof equipment. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Do not breathe
dust, mist, or vapor. Empty containers retain product residue,
(liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep away from heat,
sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Handle under an inert
atmosphere. Store protected from air. Use only in a chemical fume
hood. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or
expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Keep away from heat and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition.
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry,
well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Do not
expose to air. Store under an inert atmosphere.
Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection
Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or
utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility
and a safety shower. Use only under a chemical fume hood. See 29CFR
1910.1027 for regulations applying to all occupational exposures to
cadmium and cadmium compounds, in all forms.
||OSHA - Final PELs|
0.01 mg/m3 TWA; 0.002 mg/m3 TWA (respirable fraction)
9 mg/m3 IDLH (dust)
5 æg/m3 TWA; 0.1 mg/m3 TWA (fume, applies to any operations or sectors for which the Cadmium standard is stayed or otherwise not in effect); 0.2 mg/m3 TWA (dust, applies to any operations or sectors
for which the Cadmium standard is stayed or otherwise not in effect); 0.3 mg/m3 Ceiling (fume, applies to any operations or sectors for which the Cadm ium standard is stayed or otherwise not in effect
); 0.6 mg/m3 Ceiling (dust, applies to any operations or sectors for which the Cadmium standard is stayed or otherwise not in effect); 2.5 æg/m3 Action Level; 5 æg/m3 TWA (Do not eat, drink or chew to
bacco or gum or apply cosmetics in regulated areas. Carcinogen - dust can cause lung and kidney disease. See 29 CFR 1910.1027)
OSHA Vacated PELs:
No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical
safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face
protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29
CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European
Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace
conditions warrant respirator use.
Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical State: Granules
Appearance: silver white
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not applicable.
Vapor Density: Not available.
Evaporation Rate:Not applicable.
Viscosity: Not applicable.
Boiling Point: 765 deg C @ 760 mmHg
Freezing/Melting Point:321 deg C
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
Specific Gravity/Density:8.64 @ 25°C
Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity
Oxidizes when exposed to air. Easily tarnishes in moist air. Powder
or liquid is pyrophoric. Contact with acid liberates gas.
Conditions to Avoid:
Ignition sources, dust generation, excess heat, prolonged exposure to
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, acids, sulfur, zinc, selenium, tellurium.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Toxic cadmium oxide fumes.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.
Section 11 - Toxicological Information
LC50 = 25 mg/m3/30M;
LD50 = 890 mg/kg;
Oral, rat: LD50 =
- ACGIH: A2 - Suspected Human Carcinogen
- California: carcinogen, initial date 10/1/87
- NTP: Known carcinogen
- IARC: Group 1 carcinogen
Occupational exposure to cadmium has been implicated in a
significant increase in prostate and respiratory tract
cancer. There is evidence of a significant excess of
respiratory cancer deaths among a cohort of cadmium
production workers, and concluded that cadmium and its
compounds are potential carcinogens.
Oral, rat: TDLo = 155 mg/kg (male 13 week(s) pre-mating and
female 13 week(s) pre-mating - 3 week(s) after conception)
Effects on Newborn - growth statistics (e.g.%, reduced
weight gain) and Effects on Newborn - behavioral.; Oral,
rat: TDLo = 23 mg/kg (female 1-22 day(s) after conception)
Specific Developmental Abnormalities - blood and lymphatic
systems (including spleen and marrow).; Oral, mouse: TDLo
= 1700 mg/kg (female 8-12 day(s) after conception) Effects
on Newborn - viability index (e.g., # alive at day 4 per #
born alive) and Effects on Newborn - growth statis
Oral, rat: TDLo = 21500 ug/kg (multigenerations) Fertility
- pre-implantation mortality (e.g. reduction in number of
implants per female; total number of implants per corpora
lutea).; Intraperitoneal, rat: TDLo = 1124 ug/kg (male 1
day(s) pre-mating) Paternal Effects - spermatogenesis
(incl. genetic material, sperm morphology, motility, and
Micronucleus Test: Mouse, Embryo = 6 umol/L.; Cytogenetic
Analysis: Hamster, Ovary = 1 umol/L.
No information found
Section 12 - Ecological Information
Fish: Rainbow trout: TLm = 30 ppm; 24 Hr; Hard waterFish: Striped
bass: LC50 = 0.001 ppm; 24-48 Hr; Static bioassayFish: Fathead
Minnow: TL50 = 7.2 ppm; 96 Hr; UnspecifiedFish:
Bluegill/Sunfish: LCO = 0.08 ppm; 96 Hr; Static bioassay (Hard
No data available.
Cadmium can enter the air from natural sources.
No information available.
No information available.
Section 13 - Disposal Considerations
Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified
as a hazardous waste.
US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3.
Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to
ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.
Section 14 - Transport Information
||TOXIC SOLIDS, FLAMMABLE, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
||Toxic Solid, Flammable, Organic, N.O.S. (CADMIUM METAL)
Section 15 - Regulatory Information
CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
CAS# 7440-43-9: 10 lb final RQ (no reporting of releases of this hazardous substance is required
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
CAS # 7440-43-9: immediate, delayed, fire.
This material contains Cadmium
(CAS# 7440-43-9, 100%),which is subject to the reporting
requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373.
Clean Air Act:
CAS# 7440-43-9 (listed as Cadmium compounds) is listed as a hazardous
air pollutant (HAP).
This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors.
This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
None of the chemicals in this product
are listed as Hazardous Substances under the CWA.
CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed as a Priority Pollutant under the Clean
CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed as a Toxic Pollutant under the Clean Water
None of the chemicals in this product
are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
CAS# 7440-43-9 can be found on the
following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.
California Prop 65
The following statement(s) is(are) made in order to comply with
the California Safe Drinking Water Act:
WARNING: This product contains Cadmium, a chemical known to the
state of California to cause cancer.
WARNING: This product contains Cadmium, a chemical known to the
state of California to cause male reproductive toxicity.
California No Significant Risk Level:
CAS# 7440-43-9: 0.05 æg/day NSRL (inhalation)
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
R 11 Highly flammable.
R 25 Toxic if swallowed.
R 26 Very toxic by inhalation.
R 45 May cause cancer.
S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face pr
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice
immediately (show the label where possible).
S 53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 7440-43-9: No information available.
Canada - DSL/NDSL
CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
This product has a WHMIS classification of D1A, B4.
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard
criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS
contains all of the information required by those regulations.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.
Section 16 - Additional Information
MSDS Creation Date: 6/28/1999
Revision #7 Date: 2/13/2008
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best
information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of
merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to
such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users
should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the
information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable
for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits
or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary
damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of
the possibility of such damages.