Material Safety Data Sheet
Lithium chloride

ACC# 12885
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification

MSDS Name: Lithium chloride
Catalog Numbers: AC199880000, AC199880020, AC199880050, AC199881000, AC199885000, AC413270000, AC413270050, AC413275000, S75461, S754611, L120-500, L121-100, L121-500, NC9548114, XXAC19988-80
Synonyms:
Lithium monochloride.
Company Identification:

              Fisher Scientific
              1 Reagent Lane
              Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call:
201-796-7100
Emergency Number:
201-796-7100
For CHEMTREC assistance, call:
800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call:
703-527-3887

Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients

CAS# Chemical Name Percent EINECS/ELINCS
7447-41-8 Lithium chloride 99 231-212-3

Section 3 - Hazards Identification

EMERGENCY OVERVIEW

Appearance: white granules.
Warning! Causes eye and skin irritation. Harmful if swallowed or absorbed through the skin. May cause central nervous system effects.
Target Organs: Central nervous system, eyes, skin.


Potential Health Effects
Eye: Causes moderate eye irritation. Causes redness and pain. May cause visual abnormalities including: blurring, abnormal color vision, loss of sight.
Skin: Causes severe skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin. Prolonged absorption may affect electrolyte balance and impair kidney function. Dehydration, weight loss, skin effects, and thyroid disturbances have been reported. Repeated or prolonged exposure may cause drying and cracking of the skin.
Ingestion: Harmful if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system effects. May cause blood electrolyte disturbances. Large doses of lithium may cause dizziness, prostration, and kidney damage. Dehydration, weight loss, slurred speech, blurred vision, sensory loss, ataxia (failure of muscular coordination), tremors, and convulsions may occur. May cause headache, muscle weakness and incoordination, and confusion. May cause muscle contraction or spasticity.
Inhalation: May cause severe irritation of the upper respiratory tract with pain, burns, and inflammation. Symptoms of exposure include: increased secretions, cough, pain or respiration,
Chronic: Prolonged absorption may affect electrolyte balance and impair kidney function. Dehydration, weight loss, skin effects, and thyroid disturbances have been reported. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Chronic exposure to lithium salts may cause drowsiness, visual abnormalities, weakness, ringing in the ears, and muscle tremors. Possible risk of harm to the unborn child. May impair fertility.

Section 4 - First Aid Measures


Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin: Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation: Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician: Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures


General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion.
Extinguishing Media: Substance is noncombustible; use agent most appropriate to extinguish surrounding fire.
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 2; Flammability: 1; Instability: 1

Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures


General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks: Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - Handling and Storage


Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Keep container tightly closed. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Do not ingest or inhale. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Discard contaminated shoes.
Storage: Do not store in direct sunlight. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from moisture.

Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection


Engineering Controls: Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits
Chemical Name ACGIH NIOSH OSHA - Final PELs
Lithium chloride none listed none listed none listed

OSHA Vacated PELs: Lithium chloride: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties


Physical State: Granules
Appearance: white
Odor: none reported
pH: 7-8 (50 g/l aq. sol.)
Vapor Pressure: 1.33 hPa @ 547 deg C
Vapor Density: Not available.
Evaporation Rate:Negligible.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 1382 deg C @ 760 mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point:605 deg C
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
Solubility: 832 g/l (20C)
Specific Gravity/Density:2.06 (water=1)
Molecular Formula:LiCl
Molecular Weight:42.38

Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity


Chemical Stability: Hygroscopic: absorbs moisture or water from the air.
Conditions to Avoid: Light, dust generation, exposure to moist air or water, Aqueous solutions are very mildly corrosive to most metals..
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, alkali metals, bromine trifluoride, halogens, sulfuric acid.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Hydrogen chloride, chlorine, oxides of lithium.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11 - Toxicological Information


RTECS#:      
CAS# 7447-41-8: OJ5950000
LD50/LC50:
CAS# 7447-41-8:
     Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg/24H Moderate;
     Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Severe;
     Oral, mouse: LD50 = 1165 mg/kg;
     Oral, mouse: LD50 = 1165 mg/kg;
     Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 800 mg/kg;
     Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 775 mg/kg;
     Oral, rat: LD50 = 526 mg/kg;
     Oral, rat: LD50 = 1530 mg/kg;
     Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 1629 mg/kg;
     Skin, rat: LD50 = 1488 mg/kg;
.

Carcinogenicity:
CAS# 7447-41-8: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NTP, or CA Prop 65.

Epidemiology: No information found
Teratogenicity: No information found
Reproductive Effects: Adverse reproductive effects have occurred in experimental animals.See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.
Mutagenicity: Mutagenic effects have occurred in experimental animals.Mutagenic effects have occurred in humans.See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.
Neurotoxicity: No information found
Other Studies:

Section 12 - Ecological Information

No information available.

Section 13 - Disposal Considerations

Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.

Section 14 - Transport Information

US DOT Canada TDG
Shipping Name: Not regulated. Not regulated.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing Group:

Section 15 - Regulatory Information

US FEDERAL

TSCA
     CAS# 7447-41-8 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
     None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
     None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
Section 12b
     None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
     None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
     None of the chemicals in this material have an RQ.
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
     None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
SARA Codes
     CAS # 7447-41-8: immediate, delayed.
Section 313      No chemicals are reportable under Section 313.
Clean Air Act:
     This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants.
     This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors.
     This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
     None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Hazardous Substances under the CWA.
     None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA.
     None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
OSHA:
     None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
STATE
     CAS# 7447-41-8 is not present on state lists from CA, PA, MN, MA, FL, or NJ.

California Prop 65

California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed.

European/International Regulations

European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols:
     XN
Risk Phrases:

     R 21/22 Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed.
     R 36/38 Irritating to eyes and skin.

Safety Phrases:

     S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of
     water and seek medical advice.
     S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face pr
     otection.

WGK (Water Danger/Protection)

     CAS# 7447-41-8: 1
Canada - DSL/NDSL
     CAS# 7447-41-8 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
     This product has a WHMIS classification of D2B, D1B.
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS contains all of the information required by those regulations.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List

Section 16 - Additional Information

MSDS Creation Date: 3/29/1999
Revision #6 Date: 7/27/2006

The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the possibility of such damages.