Material Safety Data Sheet
Sulfuric acid 90-98%
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification
MSDS Name: Sulfuric acid 90-98%
AC124640000, AC124640010, AC124640011, AC124640025, AC124640026,
AC124645000, AC124645001, AC133610000, AC133610011, AC133610025,
AC133610026, AC133610051, AC302070000, AC302070010, AC302070011,
AC302070025, AC302070026, AC388270000, AC424520000, AC424520026,
AC424525001, 13361-0010, 42452-0025, 42452-5000, A298-212, A298N119,
A300-212, A300-225LB, A300-500, A300-500LC, A300-612GAL, A300-700LB,
A300C-212, A300C-212002, A300C-212003, A300C-212LC, A300C212004,
A300C212005, A300C212006, A300C212007, A300C212008, A300C212009,
A300C212010, A300J-500, A300P-500, A300S-212, A300S-212LC, A300S-500,
A300SI-212, A468-1, A468-2, A468-250, A468-500, A484-212, A510-212,
A510-500, A510SK-212, NC9008405, NC9825433, S71211SC, S71211SCMF, S79200,
SA174-212, SA174-4, SA176-4, SA196-500
Hydrogen sulfate; Oil of vitriol; Vitriol brown oil; Mattling acid;
Battery acid; Sulphuric acid; Electrolyte acid; Dihydrogen sulfate;
Spirit of sulfur; Chamber acid.
1 Reagent Lane
Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call: 201-796-7100
Emergency Number: 201-796-7100
For CHEMTREC assistance, call: 800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call: 703-527-3887
Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients
|| 90-98 ||231-639-5
Section 3 - Hazards Identification
Appearance: clear colorless to yellow liquid.
Danger! Causes eye and skin burns. Causes
digestive and respiratory tract burns. May be fatal if mist inhaled.
Strong inorganic acid mists containing sulfuric acid may cause
cancer. Concentrated sulfuric acid reacts violently with water and
many other substances under certain conditions. May cause lung
damage. Hygroscopic (absorbs moisture from the air). Corrosive to
Target Organs: Lungs, teeth, eyes, skin.
Potential Health Effects
Causes severe eye burns. May cause irreversible eye injury. May
cause blindness. May cause permanent corneal opacification. The
severity of injury depends on the concentration of the solution and
the duration of exposure.
Causes skin burns. The severity of injury depends on the
concentration of the solution and the duration of exposure.
May cause severe and permanent damage to the digestive tract. Causes
gastrointestinal tract burns.
May cause irritation of the respiratory tract with burning pain in
the nose and throat, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and
pulmonary edema. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract.
Inhalation may be fatal as a result of spasm, inflammation, edema of
the larynx and bronchi, chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema.
Because its vapor pressure is negligible, it exists in the air only
as a mist or spray. Exposure may impair lung function and cause
mucostasis (reduced mucous clearance).
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Prolonged
or repeated inhalation may cause nosebleeds, nasal congestion,
erosion of the teeth, perforation of the nasal septum, chest pain
and bronchitis. Prolonged or repeated eye contact may cause
conjunctivitis. Effects may be delayed. Workers chronically exposed
to sulfuric acid mists may show various lesions of the skin,
tracheobronchitis, stomatitis, conjunctivitis, or gastritis.
Occupational exposure to strong inorganic acid mists containing
sulfuric acid is carcinogenic to humans.
Section 4 - First Aid Measures
In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for a
t least 15 minutes. Get medical aid immediately.
In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for
at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Get medical aid immediately. Wash clothing before reuse.
If swallowed, do NOT induce vomiting. Get medical aid immediately.
If victim is fully conscious, give a cupful of water. Never give
anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
POISON material. If inhaled, get medical aid immediately. Remove
victim to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration.
If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Notes to Physician:
Monitor arterial blood gases, chest x-ray, and pulmonary function
tests if respiratory tract irritation or respiratory depression is
evident. Treat dermal irritation or burns with standard topical
therapy. Effects may be delayed. Do NOT use sodium bicarbonate in an
attempt to neutralize the acid.
Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in
pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full
protective gear. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers
cool. Substance is noncombustible. Contact with water can cause
violent liberation of heat and splattering of the material. Contact
with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Runoff from fire
control or dilution water may cause pollution. Approach fire from
upwind to avoid hazardous vapors and toxic decomposition products.
Strong dehydrating agent, which may cause ignition of finely divided
materials on contact. Oxides of sulfur may be produced in fire.
Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire.
Do NOT get water inside containers. If water is used, care should be
taken, since it can generate heat and cause spattering if applied
directly to sulfuric acid.
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
(estimated) Health: 3; Flammability: 0; Instability: 2; Special Hazard: -W-
Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated
in Section 8.
Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways.
Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective
Equipment section. Carefully scoop up and place into appropriate
disposal container. Provide ventilation. Do not get water inside
containers. Cover with dry earth, dry sand, or other non-combustible
material followed with plastic sheet to minimize spreading and
contact with water.
Section 7 - Handling and Storage
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and
wash before reuse. Do not allow water to get into the container
because of violent reaction. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on
clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Discard contaminated shoes.
Use only with adequate ventilation. Do not breathe spray or mist. Do
not use with metal spatula or other metal items. Inform laundry
personnel of contaminant's hazards.
Do not store near combustible materials. Keep container closed when
not in use. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from
incompatible substances. Do not store near alkaline substances. Store
protected from moisture. Ideally, sulfuric acid should be stored in
isolation from all other chemicals in an approved acid or corrosives
Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped
with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or
local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the
permissible exposure limits. Use a corrosion-resistant ventilation
||OSHA - Final PELs|
0.2 mg/m3 TWA (thoracic fraction)
1 mg/m3 TWA 15 mg/m3 IDLH
1 mg/m3 TWA
OSHA Vacated PELs:
1 mg/m3 TWA
Personal Protective Equipment
Wear chemical splash goggles and face shield.
Wear neoprene gloves, apron, and/or clothing. Viton
gloves are recommended.
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29
CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a
NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved
respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if
irritation or other symptoms are experienced.
Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical State: Liquid
Appearance: oily - clear colorless to yellow
pH: 0.3 (1N solution)
Vapor Pressure: < 0.001 mm Hg @ 20 deg C
Vapor Density: 3.38 (air=1)
Evaporation Rate:Slower than ether.
Viscosity: 21 mPas @ 25 C
Boiling Point: 290 - 338 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point:10 deg C
Decomposition Temperature:340 deg C
Solubility: Soluble with much heat
Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity
Sulfuric acid reacts vigorously, violently or explosively with many
organic and inorganic chemicals and with water.
Conditions to Avoid:
Excess heat, exposure to moist air or water, Note: Use great caution
in mixing with water due to heat evolution that causes explosive
spattering. Always add the acid to water, never the reverse..
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Metals, oxidizing agents, reducing agents, bases, acrylonitrile,
chlorates, finely powdered metals, nitrates, perchlorates,
permanganates, epichlorohydrin, aniline, carbides, fulminates,
picrates, organic materials, flammable liquids.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Oxides of sulfur.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.
Section 11 - Toxicological Information
rabbit, eye: 250 ug Severe;
Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 320
Inhalation, mouse: LC50 =
Inhalation, rat: LC50 =
LC50 = 510 mg/m3;
Oral, rat: LD50 =
- ACGIH: A2 - Suspected Human Carcinogen (contained in strong inorganic acid mists)
- California: carcinogen, initial date 3/14/03 (listed as Strong inorganic acid mists containing sulfuric acid).
- NTP: Known carcinogen (listed as Strong inorganic acid mists containing s).
- IARC: Group 1 carcinogen
Workers exposed to industrial sulfuric acid mist showed a
statistical increase in laryngeal cancer. This suggests a
possible relationship between carcinogenesis and inhalation
of sulfuric acid mist.
Sulfuric acid was not teratogenic in mice and rabbits, but
was slightly embryotoxic in rabbits (a minor, rare
skeletal variation). The animals were exposed to 5 and 20
mg/m3 for 7 hr/day throughout pregnancy. Slight maternal
toxicity was present at the highest dose in both species.
No information found
There are no mutagenicity studies specifically of sulfuric
acid. However, there are established effects of reduced pH
in mutagenicity testing, as would be caused by sulfuric
acid. These effects are an artifact of low pH and are not
necessarily due to biological effects of sulfuric acid
No information found
Section 12 - Ecological Information
Fish: Bluegill/Sunfish: 49 mg/L; 48Hr; TLm (tap water @ 20C)
Bluegill/Sunfish: 24.5 ppm; 48Hr; TLm (fresh water)
Section 13 - Disposal Considerations
Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified
as a hazardous waste.
US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3.
Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to
ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.
Section 14 - Transport Information
Section 15 - Regulatory Information
CAS# 7664-93-9 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
CAS# 7664-93-9: 1000 lb final RQ; 454 kg final RQ
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
CAS# 7664-93-9: 1000 lb TPQ
CAS # 7664-93-9: immediate, delayed, reactive.
This material contains Sulfuric
acid (CAS# 7664-93-9, 90-98%),which is subject to the reporting
requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373.
Clean Air Act:
This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants.
This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors.
This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
CAS# 7664-93-9 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this
product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this
product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this product
are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
CAS# 7664-93-9 can be found on the
following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.
California Prop 65
The following statement(s) is(are) made in order to comply with
the California Safe Drinking Water Act:
WARNING: This product contains Sulfuric acid, listed as `Strong
inorganic acid mists contain', a chemical known to the state of
California to cause cancer.
California No Significant Risk Level:
None of the chemicals in this product are listed.
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
R 35 Causes severe burns.
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of
water and seek medical advice.
S 30 Never add water to this product.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice
immediately (show the label where possible).
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 7664-93-9: 2
Canada - DSL/NDSL
CAS# 7664-93-9 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
This product has a WHMIS classification of D2A, D1A, E.
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard
criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS
contains all of the information required by those regulations.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
CAS# 7664-93-9 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.
Section 16 - Additional Information
MSDS Creation Date: 4/22/1999
Revision #15 Date: 2/13/2008
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best
information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of
merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to
such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users
should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the
information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable
for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits
or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary
damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of
the possibility of such damages.