Material Safety Data Sheet
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification
MSDS Name: Carbon tetrachloride
AC148170000, AC148170250, AC167720000, AC167720010, AC167720025,
AC167720100, AC167721000, AC258530000, AC269370000, AC269370010,
AC269371000, AC326580000, AC326580010, AC326580025, AC600220000,
AC600220010, AC600220025, AC600230000, AC600230010, AC600230025, 14817-0010,
14817-0025, 16772-5000, 25853-0010, 25853-0025, C1874, C1994, NC9267677,
Tetrachloromethane; Carbon tet; Carbona; Carbon chloride; Methane
1 Reagent Lane
Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call: 201-796-7100
Emergency Number: 201-796-7100
For CHEMTREC assistance, call: 800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call: 703-527-3887
Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients
|| 99-100 ||200-262-8
Section 3 - Hazards Identification
Appearance: clear, colorless liquid.
Danger! May be fatal if inhaled, absorbed through
the skin or swallowed. Causes eye, skin, and respiratory tract
irritation. Aspiration hazard if swallowed. Can enter lungs and cause
damage. Cancer suspect agent. May cause liver and kidney damage. May
cause central nervous system effects. This is a CFC substance which
destroys ozone in the upper atmosphere. Destruction of the ozone
layer can lead to increased ultraviolet radiation which, with excess
exposure to sunlight, can lead to an increase in skin cancer and eye
cataracts. Marine pollutant.
Target Organs: Kidneys, central nervous system,
Potential Health Effects
Causes eye irritation. Vapors cause eye irritation.
Causes skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin in harmful
amounts. Contact with the skin defats the skin.
May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause central nervous system
depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache,
dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause
collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory
failure. Substance is a hepatotoxin and is capable of producing a
toxic effect on the liver.
Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause liver and kidney
damage. Exposure produces central nervous system depression. May be
harmful if inhaled.
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Chronic
ingestion may cause effects similar to those of acute ingestion. May
cause liver and kidney damage. May cause cancer according to animal
studies. Chronic exposure may cause visual disturbances. Carbon
tetrachloride is a CNS depressant.
Section 4 - First Aid Measures
In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for a
t least 15 minutes. Get medical aid.
In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for
at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Get medical aid immediately. Wash clothing before reuse.
Potential for aspiration if swallowed. Get medical aid immediately.
Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical
personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. If
vomiting occurs naturally, have victim lean forward.
POISON material. If inhaled, get medical aid immediately. Remove
victim to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration.
If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Notes to Physician:
Treat symptomatically and supportively.
Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in
pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full
protective gear. Material will not burn. Use water spray to keep
fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a
fire. Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may
decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire.
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Autoignition Temperature: > 982 deg C (> 1,799.60 deg F)
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
(estimated) Health: 3; Flammability: 0; Instability: 0
Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated
in Section 8.
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth),
then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and
ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately,
observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Isolate
area and deny entry. Provide ventilation.
Section 7 - Handling and Storage
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and
wash before reuse. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep
container tightly closed. Do not breathe vapor. Use only with
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry,
well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped
with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or
local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the
permissible exposure limits. Use only under a chemical fume hood.
||OSHA - Final PELs|
5 ppm TWA; 10 ppm STEL; Skin - potential significant contribution to overall exposure by the cutaneous r oute
200 ppm IDLH
10 ppm TWA; 25 ppm Ceiling
OSHA Vacated PELs:
2 ppm TWA; 12.6 mg/m3 TWA
Personal Protective Equipment
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical
safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face
protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29
CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a
NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved
respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if
irritation or other symptoms are experienced.
Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical State: Liquid
Appearance: clear, colorless
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 91 mm Hg @ 20 deg C
Vapor Density: 5.31 (air=1)
Evaporation Rate:12.8 (butyl acetate=1)
Viscosity: 0.97 PAS 20 deg C
Boiling Point: 76 deg C @ 760 mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point:-23 deg C
Decomposition Temperature:> 100 deg C
Specific Gravity/Density:1.5900 g/cm3
Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Light, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Alkali metals, powdered aluminum, powdered magnesium, zinc powder,
ethylene, allyl alcohol, barium, fluorine, dimethylformamide,
powered beryllium, decaborane, potassium tert-butoxide.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hydrogen chloride, chlorine, phosgene, carbon monoxide, carbon
dioxide, chlorine dioxide, which may be spontaneously explosive.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
Section 11 - Toxicological Information
Dermal, guinea pig:
LD50 = >9400 uL/kg;
rabbit, eye: 2200 ug/30S Mild;
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 500 mg/24H
Draize test, rabbit, skin: 4
Draize test, rabbit,
skin: 500 mg/24H Mild;
mouse: LC50 = 9526 ppm/8H;
Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 34500
Inhalation, rat: LC50 =
Inhalation, rat: LC50
= 46000 mg/m3/6H;
Oral, mouse: LD50
= 7749 mg/kg;
Oral, rabbit: LD50 =
Oral, rat: LD50 = 2350
Skin, rabbit: LD50 = >20
Carbon tetrachloride is harmful to the liver and a CNS depressant
following short-term inhalation, skin contact or ingestion. The liver
effects have been observed at concentrations lower than those
required to produce CNS effects. Two reviews indicate that ingestion
of 14-20 ml or 50-150 ml could be fatal. Although, 1.5 ml (34 mg/kg)
has caused death in a few cases.
- ACGIH: A2 - Suspected Human Carcinogen
- California: carcinogen, initial date 10/1/87
- NTP: Suspect carcinogen
- IARC: Group 2B carcinogen
No data available.
Animal studies have only shown harmful effects in the
offspring of animals exposed to doses which also produced
significant maternal toxicity.
There is no human information available. There is
insufficient animal information available to draw any
conclusions about potential reproductive toxicity.
No data available.
No data available.
Section 12 - Ecological Information
Fish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 = 20.8-41.4 mg/L; 96 Hr.; Flow-through;
21.7 degrees CFish: Bluegill/Sunfish: LC50 = 27-125 mg/L; 96
Hr.; Static Conditions; 23 degrees CBacteria: Phytobacterium
phosphoreum: EC50 = 6.0 mg/L; Not available; Microtox
testBacteria: Phytobacterium phosphoreum: EC50 = 33.0 mg/L; 30
minutes; Microtox test
No data available.
Terrestrial: Evaporates rapidly and migrates into groundwater.
Aquatic: Rapidly evaporates, biodegradation an important fate
Atmospheric:Very stable in troposphere with a residence time of 30-50
Carbon tetrachloride has a low potential to bioconcentrate. Log of
the bioconcentration factor in trout is 1.24, in bluegill sunfish -
1.48. Bioconcentration factor predicted from water solubility = 14.
Section 13 - Disposal Considerations
Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified
as a hazardous waste.
US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3.
Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to
ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
CAS# 56-23-5: waste
Section 14 - Transport Information
Section 15 - Regulatory Information
CAS# 56-23-5 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
CAS# 56-23-5: 10 lb final RQ; 4.54 kg final RQ
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
CAS # 56-23-5: immediate, delayed.
This material contains Carbon
tetrachloride (CAS# 56-23-5, 99-100%),which is subject to the
reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR
Clean Air Act:
CAS# 56-23-5 is listed as a hazardous air pollutant (HAP).
CAS# 56-23-5 is listed as a Class 1 ozone depletor with an 1.1 ODP
This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
CAS# 56-23-5 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA.
CAS# 56-23-5 is listed as a Priority Pollutant under the Clean Water
CAS# 56-23-5 is listed as a Toxic Pollutant under the Clean Water
None of the chemicals in this product
are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
CAS# 56-23-5 can be found on the
following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.
California Prop 65
The following statement(s) is(are) made in order to comply with
the California Safe Drinking Water Act:
WARNING: This product contains Carbon tetrachloride, a chemical
known to the state of California to cause cancer.
California No Significant Risk Level:
CAS# 56-23-5: 5 ęg/day NSRL
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
R 23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if
R 40 Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect.
R 59 Dangerous for the ozone layer.
R 48/23 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged
exposure through inhalation.
R 52/53 Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse
effects in the aquatic environment.
S 23 Do not inhale gas/fumes/vapour/spray.
S 36/37 Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice
immediately (show the label where possible).
S 59 Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recy
S 61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions
/safety data sheets.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 56-23-5: 3
Canada - DSL/NDSL
CAS# 56-23-5 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
This product has a WHMIS classification of D1A, D2A.
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard
criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS
contains all of the information required by those regulations.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
CAS# 56-23-5 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.
Section 16 - Additional Information
MSDS Creation Date: 7/20/1999
Revision #7 Date: 2/06/2008
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best
information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of
merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to
such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users
should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the
information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable
for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits
or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary
damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of
the possibility of such damages.