Material Safety Data Sheet
Cadmium metal, granular

ACC# 03720
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification

MSDS Name: Cadmium metal, granular
Catalog Numbers: 61213-5000, C3-500
Company Identification:

              Fisher Scientific
              1 Reagent Lane
              Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call:
Emergency Number:
For CHEMTREC assistance, call:
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call:

Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients

CAS# Chemical Name Percent EINECS/ELINCS
7440-43-9 Cadmium 100 231-152-8

Section 3 - Hazards Identification


Appearance: silver white granules.
Danger! Flammable solid. May be fatal if inhaled. Harmful if swallowed. Causes eye, skin, and respiratory tract irritation. Contains cadmium. Cancer hazard. Avoid creating dust. Can cause lung and kidney disease. Inhalation of fumes may cause metal-fume fever. Air sensitive. May cause reproductive and fetal effects.
Target Organs: Blood, kidneys, liver, lungs, skeletal structures, prostate.

Potential Health Effects
Eye: Causes eye irritation.
Skin: Causes skin irritation.
Ingestion: Harmful if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Ingestion may produce fluid loss, acute renal failure, and cardiopulmonary depression.
Inhalation: May be fatal if inhaled. Inhalation of fumes may cause metal fume fever, which is characterized by flu-like symptoms with metallic taste, fever, chills, cough, weakness, chest pain, muscle pain and increased white blood cell count. Damage may be delayed. May cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, chest tightness, weakness, and delayed pulmonary edema. In humans inhalation causes proteinuria, an excess of protein in the urine.
Chronic: May cause respiratory tract cancer. Repeated inhalation may cause chronic bronchitis. Chronic inhalation may cause nasal septum ulceration and perforation. Cadmium and compounds may cause lung, liver and kidney damage and lung and prostate cancer in humans. May cause loss of smell, emphysema, anemia, bone demineralization, and lung fibrosis. The primary target organ for chronic cadmium disease is clearly the kidney.

Section 4 - First Aid Measures

Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin: Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation: POISON material. If inhaled, get medical aid immediately. Remove victim to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Attempt rescue only after notifying at least one other person of the emergency and putting into effect established emergency procedures. Do not become a casualty yourself.
Notes to Physician: Administration of calcium disodium EDTA may be useful in acute poisoning with its use at the discretion of qualified medical personnel. Persons with kidney disease, chronic respiratory disease, liver disease, or skin disease may be at increased risk from exposure to this substance.

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures

General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Material can spontaneously ignite (pyrophoric) when exposed to air at normal or slightly elevated temperatures. Dust can be an explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Flammable solid. May burn rapidly with flare burning effect. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished. Dangerous fire hazard in the form of dust when exposed to heat or flame.
Extinguishing Media: Use dry sand, graphite powder, dry sodium chloride-based extinguishers.
Flash Point: Not available.
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 4; Flammability: 2; Instability: 1

Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures

General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks: Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. Place under an inert atmosphere.

Section 7 - Handling and Storage

Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Do not breathe dust, mist, or vapor. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Handle under an inert atmosphere. Store protected from air. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage: Keep away from heat and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Do not expose to air. Store under an inert atmosphere.

Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection

Engineering Controls: Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use only under a chemical fume hood. See 29CFR 1910.1027 for regulations applying to all occupational exposures to cadmium and cadmium compounds, in all forms.
Exposure Limits
Chemical Name ACGIH NIOSH OSHA - Final PELs
Cadmium 0.01 mg/m3 TWA; 0.002 mg/m3 TWA (respirable fraction) 9 mg/m3 IDLH (dust) 5 g/m3 TWA; 0.1 mg/m3 TWA (fume, applies to any operations or sectors for which the Cadmium standard is stayed or otherwise not in effect); 0.2 mg/m3 TWA (dust, applies to any operations or sectors for which the Cadmium standard is stayed or otherwise not in effect); 0.3 mg/m3 Ceiling (fume, applies to any operations or sectors for which the Cadm ium standard is stayed or otherwise not in effect ); 0.6 mg/m3 Ceiling (dust, applies to any operations or sectors for which the Cadmium standard is stayed or otherwise not in effect); 2.5 g/m3 Action Level; 5 g/m3 TWA (Do not eat, drink or chew to bacco or gum or apply cosmetics in regulated areas. Carcinogen - dust can cause lung and kidney disease. See 29 CFR 1910.1027)

OSHA Vacated PELs: Cadmium: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical State: Granules
Appearance: silver white
Odor: odorless
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not applicable.
Vapor Density: Not available.
Evaporation Rate:Not applicable.
Viscosity: Not applicable.
Boiling Point: 765 deg C @ 760 mmHg
Freezing/Melting Point:321 deg C
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
Solubility: Insoluble.
Specific Gravity/Density:8.64 @ 25C
Molecular Formula:Cd
Molecular Weight:112.40

Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity

Chemical Stability: Oxidizes when exposed to air. Easily tarnishes in moist air. Powder or liquid is pyrophoric. Contact with acid liberates gas.
Conditions to Avoid: Ignition sources, dust generation, excess heat, prolonged exposure to air.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Strong oxidizing agents, acids, sulfur, zinc, selenium, tellurium.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Toxic cadmium oxide fumes.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - Toxicological Information

CAS# 7440-43-9: EU9800000
CAS# 7440-43-9:
     Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 25 mg/m3/30M;
     Oral, mouse: LD50 = 890 mg/kg;
     Oral, rat: LD50 = 2330 mg/kg;

CAS# 7440-43-9:

Epidemiology: Occupational exposure to cadmium has been implicated in a significant increase in prostate and respiratory tract cancer. There is evidence of a significant excess of respiratory cancer deaths among a cohort of cadmium production workers, and concluded that cadmium and its compounds are potential carcinogens.
Teratogenicity: Oral, rat: TDLo = 155 mg/kg (male 13 week(s) pre-mating and female 13 week(s) pre-mating - 3 week(s) after conception) Effects on Newborn - growth statistics (e.g.%, reduced weight gain) and Effects on Newborn - behavioral.; Oral, rat: TDLo = 23 mg/kg (female 1-22 day(s) after conception) Specific Developmental Abnormalities - blood and lymphatic systems (including spleen and marrow).; Oral, mouse: TDLo = 1700 mg/kg (female 8-12 day(s) after conception) Effects on Newborn - viability index (e.g., # alive at day 4 per # born alive) and Effects on Newborn - growth statis
Reproductive Effects: Oral, rat: TDLo = 21500 ug/kg (multigenerations) Fertility - pre-implantation mortality (e.g. reduction in number of implants per female; total number of implants per corpora lutea).; Intraperitoneal, rat: TDLo = 1124 ug/kg (male 1 day(s) pre-mating) Paternal Effects - spermatogenesis (incl. genetic material, sperm morphology, motility, and count).
Mutagenicity: Micronucleus Test: Mouse, Embryo = 6 umol/L.; Cytogenetic Analysis: Hamster, Ovary = 1 umol/L.
Neurotoxicity: No information found
Other Studies:

Section 12 - Ecological Information

Ecotoxicity: Fish: Rainbow trout: TLm = 30 ppm; 24 Hr; Hard waterFish: Striped bass: LC50 = 0.001 ppm; 24-48 Hr; Static bioassayFish: Fathead Minnow: TL50 = 7.2 ppm; 96 Hr; UnspecifiedFish: Bluegill/Sunfish: LCO = 0.08 ppm; 96 Hr; Static bioassay (Hard water) No data available.
Environmental: Cadmium can enter the air from natural sources.
Physical: No information available.
Other: No information available.

Section 13 - Disposal Considerations

Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.

Section 14 - Transport Information

Shipping Name: TOXIC SOLIDS, FLAMMABLE, ORGANIC, N.O.S. Toxic Solid, Flammable, Organic, N.O.S. (CADMIUM METAL)
Hazard Class: 6.1 6.1
UN Number: UN2930 UN2930
Packing Group: I I

Section 15 - Regulatory Information


     CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
     None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
     None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
Section 12b
     None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
     None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
     CAS# 7440-43-9: 10 lb final RQ (no reporting of releases of this hazardous substance is required
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
     None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
SARA Codes
     CAS # 7440-43-9: immediate, delayed, fire.
Section 313
     This material contains Cadmium (CAS# 7440-43-9, 100%),which is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373.
Clean Air Act:
     CAS# 7440-43-9 (listed as Cadmium compounds) is listed as a hazardous      air pollutant (HAP).
     This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors.
     This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
     None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Hazardous Substances under the CWA.      CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed as a Priority Pollutant under the Clean      Water Act. CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed as a Toxic Pollutant under the Clean Water Act.
     None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
     CAS# 7440-43-9 can be found on the following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.

California Prop 65
The following statement(s) is(are) made in order to comply with the California Safe Drinking Water Act:
WARNING: This product contains Cadmium, a chemical known to the state of California to cause cancer. WARNING: This product contains Cadmium, a chemical known to the state of California to cause male reproductive toxicity.
California No Significant Risk Level: CAS# 7440-43-9: 0.05 g/day NSRL (inhalation)

European/International Regulations

European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols:
     T+ F
Risk Phrases:

     R 11 Highly flammable.
     R 25 Toxic if swallowed.
     R 26 Very toxic by inhalation.
     R 45 May cause cancer.

Safety Phrases:

     S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face pr
     S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice
     immediately (show the label where possible).
     S 53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.

WGK (Water Danger/Protection)

     CAS# 7440-43-9: No information available.
Canada - DSL/NDSL
     CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
     This product has a WHMIS classification of D1A, B4.
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS contains all of the information required by those regulations.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
     CAS# 7440-43-9 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.

Section 16 - Additional Information

MSDS Creation Date: 6/28/1999
Revision #7 Date: 2/13/2008

The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the possibility of such damages.