Material Safety Data Sheet
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification
MSDS Name: Lead
S71957, S719571, S75257, S80049, L18-500, L246-500, L27-1LB, L27-1RL,
NC9657609, NC9888945, XXL24625KG
1 Reagent Lane
Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call: 201-796-7100
Emergency Number: 201-796-7100
For CHEMTREC assistance, call: 800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call: 703-527-3887
Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients
|| 99.8 ||231-100-4
Section 3 - Hazards Identification
Appearance: bluish white, silvery gray solid.
Warning! Possible cancer hazard. May cause cancer
based on animal data. Causes eye and skin irritation. Toxic to
aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic
environment. May be absorbed through intact skin. May cause central
nervous system depression. May cause kidney damage. May cause adverse
reproductive effects. May cause fetal effects.
Target Organs: Kidneys, central nervous system,
blood forming organs.
Potential Health Effects
Causes eye irritation.
Causes skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin.
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and
diarrhea. Ingestion of lead compounds can cause toxic effects in the
blood-forming organs, kidneys and central nervous system. Symptoms
of lead poisoning or plumbism include weakness, weight loss,
lassitude, insomnia, and hypotension. It also includes constipation,
anorexia, abdominal discomfort and colic.
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Inhalation of fumes may
cause metal fume fever, which is characterized by flu-like symptoms
with metallic taste, fever, chills, cough, weakness, chest pain,
muscle pain and increased white blood cell count. May cause effects
similar to those described for ingestion.
Possible cancer hazard based on tests with laboratory animals.
Chronic exposure may cause reproductive disorders and teratogenic
effects. Chronic exposure to lead may result in plumbism which is
characterized by lead line in gum, headache, muscle weakness, mental
Section 4 - First Aid Measures
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally
lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at
least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Discard contaminated clothing in a manner which limits further
Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious
and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not
breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult,
give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:
Treat symptomatically and supportively.
The use of Dimercaprol or BAL (British Anti-Lewisite) as a chelating
agent should be determined by qualified medical personnel. The use of
d-Penicillamine as a chelating agent should be determined by
qualified medical personnel. The use of Calcium disodium EDTA as a
chelating agent should be determined by qualified medical personnel.
Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in
pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full
protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases
may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use
extinguishing media appropriate to the surrounding fire. Substance is
noncombustible. Dust can be an explosion hazard when exposed to heat
For small fires, use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide or
chemical foam. Substance is noncombustible; use agent most
appropriate to extinguish surrounding fire.
Flash Point: Not available.
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
(estimated) Health: 2; Flammability: 0; Instability: 0
Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated
in Section 8.
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal
container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the
Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Section 7 - Handling and Storage
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash thoroughly after handling.
Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with
adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation.
Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and
inhalation. Wash clothing before reuse.
Store in a cool, dry place. Keep from contact with oxidizing
materials. Keep containers tightly closed.
Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped
with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or
local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the
permissible exposure limits.
||OSHA - Final PELs|
0.05 mg/m3 TWA
0.050 mg/m3 TWA 100 mg/m3 IDLH
50 ęg/m3 TWA; 50 ęg/m3 TWA (as Pb); 30 ęg/m3 Action Level (as Pb. Poison - see 29 CFR 1910.10 25)
OSHA Vacated PELs:
No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical
safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face
protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European
Wear appropriate protective gloves and clothing to
prevent skin exposure.
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29
CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a
NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved
respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if
irritation or other symptoms are experienced.
Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical State: Solid
Appearance: bluish white, silvery gray
Odor: none reported
pH: Not applicable.
Vapor Pressure: 1.3 mm Hg @ 970C
Vapor Density: Not available.
Evaporation Rate:Not applicable.
Viscosity: Not applicable.
Boiling Point: 1740 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point:327.4 deg C
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
Solubility: Insoluble in water.
Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Dust generation, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.
Section 11 - Toxicological Information
- ACGIH: A3 - Confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans
- California: carcinogen, initial date 10/1/92
- NTP: Suspect carcinogen
- IARC: Group 2A carcinogen
There are several reports that certain lead compounds
administered to animals in high doses are carcinogenic,
primarily producing renal tumors. Salts demonstrating
carcinogenicity in animals are usually soluble salts.
Epidemiological studies have not shown a relationship
between lead exposure and the incidence of cancer in lead
workers. However, one study of lead-exposed workers
demonstrated a statistically significant elevation in the
standardized mortality ratio for gastric and lung cancer in
battery plant workers only.
Lead penetrates the placental barrier and has caused fetal
abnormalities in animals. Excesssive exposure to lead
during pregnancy has caused neurological disorders in
Reproductive effects from lead have been documented in
animals and human beings of both sexes. In battery workmen
with a mean exposure of 8.5 years to lead, there was an
increased frequency of sperm abnormalities as compared with
a control group.
Mutagenic effects have occurred in humans.
Subtle neurologic effects have been demonstrated with
relatively low blood levels of lead. The performance of
lead workers on various neurophysiological tests was mildly
reduced when compared with a control group. Anxiety,
depression, poor concentration, forgetfulness, mild
reductions in motor and sensory nerve conduction
velociities have been documented in lead-exposed workers.
Section 12 - Ecological Information
No data available.
LC50 Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica), males or females, 14 days
old, oral (5-day adlibitum in diet) >5,000 ppm; at 1000, 2236 & 5000
onset of toxic signs began at 7, 7 & 7 days and remissed at 11, 11 &
12 days, respectively, no mortality was observed; control references
were dieldrin & dicrotophos; corn oil diluent was added to diet at
ratio of 2:98 by wt; (extreme concentrations: 1,000-5,000 ppm) /Lead
Terrestrial: Extremely stable metal. While some corrosion may be
expected in soil, generally an inert coat of an insoluble salt will
form and limit further corrosion. Aquatic: Lead will simply sink
into the sediment. Atmospheric: Will be in particulate matter and be
subject to washout and gravitational settling. Will biodegrade and
No information available.
For more information, see "HANDBOOK OF ENVIRONMENTAL FATE AND
Section 13 - Disposal Considerations
Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified
as a hazardous waste.
US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3.
Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to
ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.
Section 14 - Transport Information
Section 15 - Regulatory Information
CAS# 7439-92-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
CAS# 7439-92-1: 10 lb final RQ (no reporting of releases of this hazardous substance is required
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
CAS # 7439-92-1: immediate, delayed.
This material contains Lead (CAS#
7439-92-1, 99.8%),which is subject to the reporting requirements of
Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373.
Clean Air Act:
This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants.
This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors.
This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
None of the chemicals in this product
are listed as Hazardous Substances under the CWA.
CAS# 7439-92-1 is listed as a Priority Pollutant under the Clean
CAS# 7439-92-1 is listed as a Toxic Pollutant under the Clean Water
None of the chemicals in this product
are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
CAS# 7439-92-1 can be found on the
following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.
California Prop 65
The following statement(s) is(are) made in order to comply with
the California Safe Drinking Water Act:
WARNING: This product contains Lead, a chemical known to the state
of California to cause cancer.
WARNING: This product contains Lead, a chemical known to the state
of California to cause male reproductive toxicity.
California No Significant Risk Level:
CAS# 7439-92-1: 15 ęg/day NSRL (oral)
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
R 20/22 Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.
R 33 Danger of cumulative effects.
R 61 May cause harm to the unborn child.
R 62 Possible risk of impaired fertility.
R 50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term
adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice
immediately (show the label where possible).
S 53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.
S 60 This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardou
S 61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions
/safety data sheets.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 7439-92-1: No information available.
Canada - DSL/NDSL
CAS# 7439-92-1 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
This product has a WHMIS classification of D2A.
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard
criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS
contains all of the information required by those regulations.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
CAS# 7439-92-1 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.
Section 16 - Additional Information
MSDS Creation Date: 4/29/1999
Revision #5 Date: 5/22/2007
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best
information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of
merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to
such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users
should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the
information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable
for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits
or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary
damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of
the possibility of such damages.