Material Safety Data Sheet
Nitroethane, 98+%

ACC# 65832
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification
MSDS Name: Nitroethane, 98+%
Catalog Numbers: AC157020000, AC157020010
Ethane, nitro
Company Identification:

              Acros Organics N.V.
              One Reagent Lane
              Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information in North America, call: 800-ACROS-01
For emergencies in the US, call CHEMTREC: 800-424-9300

Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients

CAS# Chemical Name Percent EINECS/ELINCS
79-24-3 Nitroethane 98+ 201-188-9

Section 3 - Hazards Identification


Appearance: Clear liquid. Flash Point: 28 deg C.
Warning! Flammable liquid and vapor. Harmful if inhaled or swallowed. May cause eye, skin, and respiratory tract irritation. May cause central nervous system depression. Hygroscopic (absorbs moisture from the air).
Target Organs: Kidneys, central nervous system, liver.

Potential Health Effects
Eye: May cause eye irritation.
Skin: Causes skin irritation. May cause dermatitis. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin.
Ingestion: Harmful if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness, headache, shortness of breath, cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the blood), rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown colored blood. Ingestion of large amounts may cause CNS depression. May form methemoglobin which in sufficient concentration causes cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the blood).
Inhalation: May cause respiratory tract irritation. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Harmful if inhaled.
Chronic: Effects may be delayed.

Section 4 - First Aid Measures

Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid imme diately.
Skin: Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Ingestion: Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Inhalation: Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask. Do not use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device.
Notes to Physician: Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures

General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air. Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Flammable liquid and vapor. May explode when heated.
Extinguishing Media: Use alcohol foam, carbon dioxide, or water spray when fighting fires involving this material. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use dry chemical. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
Flash Point: 28 deg C ( 82.40 deg F)
Autoignition Temperature: 414 deg C ( 777.20 deg F)
Explosion Limits, Lower:3.40 vol %
Upper: Not available.
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 1; Flammability: 3; Instability: 3

Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures

General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks: Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Cover with sand, dry lime or soda ash and place in a closed container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.

Section 7 - Handling and Storage

Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Keep from contact with moist air and steam.
Storage: Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area. Store protected from moisture.

Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection

Engineering Controls: Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local explosion-proof ventilation to keep airborne levels to acceptable levels.
Exposure Limits
Chemical Name ACGIH NIOSH OSHA - Final PELs
Nitroethane 100 ppm TWA 100 ppm TWA; 310 mg/m3 TWA 1000 ppm IDLH 100 ppm TWA; 310 mg/m3 TWA

OSHA Vacated PELs: Nitroethane: 100 ppm TWA; 310 mg/m3 TWA
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical State: Liquid
Appearance: Clear
Odor: None reported.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 21 mbar @ 20 C
Vapor Density: 2.59
Evaporation Rate:Not available.
Viscosity: 0.677 cP @20 deg C
Boiling Point: 112.0 - 116.0 deg C @ 760.00m
Freezing/Melting Point:-90 deg C
Decomposition Temperature:335 - 382 deg C
Solubility: 4.6 G/100 ML (20C)
Specific Gravity/Density:1.0450g/cm3
Molecular Formula:C2H5NO2
Molecular Weight:75.06

Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity

Chemical Stability: Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions. May explode when heated. Hygroscopic: absorbs moisture or water from the air.
Conditions to Avoid: Incompatible materials, ignition sources, excess heat, strong oxidants, exposure to moist air or water.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Moisture, water, amines, bases, strong acids, strong alkalies, strong oxidizing agents, hydrocarbons, combustible materials, metal oxides, hydroxides, plastics, calcium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, brass, copper, activated carbon, clay-based absorbents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen gas.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - Toxicological Information

CAS# 79-24-3: KI5600000
CAS# 79-24-3:
     Oral, mouse: LD50 = 860 mg/kg;
     Oral, rat: LD50 = 1100 mg/kg;

CAS# 79-24-3: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NTP, or CA Prop 65.

Epidemiology: No information available.
Teratogenicity: No information available.
Reproductive Effects: No information available.
Mutagenicity: No information available.
Neurotoxicity: No information available.
Other Studies:

Section 12 - Ecological Information

Ecotoxicity: No data available. No information available.
Environmental: Expected to have very high mobility in soil. May adsorb to organic material present in soil reducing mobility. Expected to biodegrade under aerobic conditions but not under anaerobic conditions in soil and water. Volatilization may be important from moist soil surfaces. Not expected to adsorb to suspended solids and sediment in water. However, may adsorb to organic sediments present in water. May volatilize from water surfaces. Bioconcentration is expected to be low. Expected to exist solely as a vapor in atmosphere. Degraded in the atm by rxn with photochemically-produded hydroxyl radicals.
Physical: No information available.
Other: No information available.

Section 13 - Disposal Considerations

Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.

Section 14 - Transport Information

Hazard Class: 3 3
UN Number: UN2842 UN2842
Packing Group: III III
Additional Info:FLASHPOINT 28 C

Section 15 - Regulatory Information


     CAS# 79-24-3 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
     CAS# 79-24-3: Effective 4/13/89, Sunset 12/19/95
Chemical Test Rules
     None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
Section 12b
     None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
     None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
     None of the chemicals in this material have an RQ.
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
     None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
Section 313      No chemicals are reportable under Section 313.
Clean Air Act:
     This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants.
     This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors.
     This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
     None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Hazardous Substances under the CWA.
     None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA.
     None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
     None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
     CAS# 79-24-3 can be found on the following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.

California Prop 65

California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed.

European/International Regulations

European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols:
Risk Phrases:

     R 10 Flammable.
     R 20/22 Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.

Safety Phrases:

     S 25 Avoid contact with eyes.
     S 41 In case of fire and/or explosion do not breathe fumes.
     S 9 Keep container in a well-ventilated place.

WGK (Water Danger/Protection)

     CAS# 79-24-3: 2
Canada - DSL/NDSL
     CAS# 79-24-3 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
     This product has a WHMIS classification of B2, D2B.
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS contains all of the information required by those regulations.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
     CAS# 79-24-3 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.

Section 16 - Additional Information

MSDS Creation Date: 9/02/1997
Revision #9 Date: 3/05/2008

The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the possibility of such damages.