Material Safety Data Sheet

ACC# 96380
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification

MSDS Name: Phenol
Catalog Numbers: AC149340000, AC149340025, AC149340040, AC149340050, AC149340051, AC149340500, 14934-0010
Hydroxybenzene; Carbolic acid.
Company Identification:

              Fisher Scientific
              1 Reagent Lane
              Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call:
Emergency Number:
For CHEMTREC assistance, call:
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call:

Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients

CAS# Chemical Name Percent EINECS/ELINCS
108-95-2 Phenol 99+ 203-632-7

Section 3 - Hazards Identification


Appearance: colorless solid. Flash Point: 79 deg C.
Danger! Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed. May be fatal if inhaled, absorbed through the skin or swallowed. Causes burns by all exposure routes. Possible risks of irreversible effects. May cause central nervous system effects. Material is a solid at room temperature that melts upon moderate heating into a combustible liquid with a flash point below 200F(93.3C). Hygroscopic (absorbs moisture from the air).
Target Organs: Blood, kidneys, central nervous system, liver, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, eyes, skin.

Potential Health Effects
Eye: Causes eye burns.
Skin: May be fatal if absorbed through the skin. Causes skin burns. Direct skin contact results in white, wrinkled discoloration, followed by severe burns. Phenol may be absorbed through the skin rapidly to cause systemic poisoning and possible death due to effects on the CNS system, heart, blood vessels, lungs and kidneys.
Ingestion: May be fatal if swallowed. Causes gastrointestinal tract burns.
Inhalation: May be fatal if inhaled. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract. May cause central nervous system effects.
Chronic: May cause liver and kidney damage. Adverse reproductive effects have been reported in animals. Chronic exposure may cause blood effects. Animal studies have reported the development of tumors. Possible risk of irreversible effects. Chronic exposures have been reported to cause death from liver and kidney

Section 4 - First Aid Measures

Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid imme diately.
Skin: Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. SPEEDY ACTION IS CRITICAL, GET MEDICAL AID IMMEDIATELY.
Ingestion: SPEED IS ESSENTIAL. A DOCTOR MUST BE NOTIFIED AT ONCE. POISON material. If swallowed, get medical aid immediately. Only induce vomiting if directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
Inhalation: Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. SPEED IS ESSENTIAL, OBTAIN MEDICAL AID IMMEDIATELY. Do not use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device.
Notes to Physician: Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures

General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Will burn if involved in a fire. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Material is a solid at room temperature that melts upon moderate heating into a combustible liquid with a flash point below 200F(93.3C).
Extinguishing Media: Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.
Flash Point: 79 deg C ( 174.20 deg F)
Autoignition Temperature: 605 deg C ( 1,121.00 deg F)
Explosion Limits, Lower:1.30 vol %
Upper: 9.50 vol %
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 4; Flammability: 2; Instability: 0

Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures

General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks: Wear a self contained breathing apparatus and appropriate personal protection. (See Exposure Controls, Personal Protection section). Sweep up or absorb material, then place into a suitable clean, dry, closed container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Evacuate unnecessary personnel. Do not let this chemical enter the environment.

Section 7 - Handling and Storage

Handling: Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Take precautionary measures against static discharges. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Storage: Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Corrosives area. Store protected from moisture. Store protected from light.

Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection

Engineering Controls: Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use only under a chemical fume hood.
Exposure Limits
Chemical Name ACGIH NIOSH OSHA - Final PELs
Phenol 5 ppm TWA; Skin - potential significant contribution to overall exposure by the cutaneous r oute 5 ppm TWA; 19 mg/m3 TWA 250 ppm IDLH 5 ppm TWA; 19 mg/m3 TWA

OSHA Vacated PELs: Phenol: 5 ppm TWA; 19 mg/m3 TWA
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical State: Solid
Appearance: colorless
Odor: sharp odor - sweetish odor
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 0.4 mbar @ 20 deg C
Vapor Density: 3.2
Evaporation Rate:0.01 (butyl acetate=1)
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 182 deg C @ 760 mmHg
Freezing/Melting Point:39 - 42 deg C
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
Solubility: Soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density:1.070
Molecular Formula:C6H6O
Molecular Weight:94.11

Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity

Chemical Stability: Light sensitive. Hygroscopic: absorbs moisture or water from the air.
Conditions to Avoid: Incompatible materials, light, ignition sources, dust generation, excess heat, exposure to moist air or water.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Strong oxidizing agents, bases, aluminum, halogens, magnesium, nitric acid, zinc, calcium hypochlorite, lead.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - Toxicological Information

CAS# 108-95-2: SJ3325000
CAS# 108-95-2:
     Draize test, rabbit, eye: 5 mg Severe;
     Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Severe;
     Draize test, rabbit, skin: 100 mg Mild;
     Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 177 mg/m3;
     Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 177 mg/m3/4H;
     Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 316 mg/m3;
     Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 316 mg/m3/4H;
     Oral, mouse: LD50 = 270 mg/kg;
     Oral, rat: LD50 = 317 mg/kg;
     Oral, rat: LD50 = 512 mg/kg;
     Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 630 mg/kg;
     Skin, rat: LD50 = 669 mg/kg;
     Skin, rat: LD50 = 1500 mg/kg;

CAS# 108-95-2: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NTP, or CA Prop 65.

Epidemiology: Tumorigenic effects have been reported in experimental animals.IARC Group 3: Limited or insufficient evidence for carcinogenicity in both animals and humans.
Teratogenicity: Teratogenic effects have occurred in experimental animals.
Reproductive Effects: Adverse reproductive effects have occurred in experimental animals.
Mutagenicity: Mutagenic effects have occurred in experimental animals.
Neurotoxicity: No information found
Other Studies:

Section 12 - Ecological Information

Ecotoxicity: Water flea Daphnia: EC50=12 mg/l; 48-hour; CAS# 108-95-2: UnspecifiedWater flea Daphnia: EC50=4.0 mg/l; 96-hour; CAS# 108-95-2: UnspecifiedFish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 > 50 mg/l; 1 Hr; CAS# 108-95-2 Static @ 18-22CFish: Fathead Minnow: TLm = 41 mg/L; 48-hour; CAS# 108-95-2: Flow-through @ 15CFish: Bluegill/Sunfish: TLm = 19 / 5.7 mg/L; 96 Hr; CAS# 108-95-2: Flow-through If released to the environment, phenol's primary removal mechanism is biodegradation which is generally rapid (days). If phenol is released to soil, it will readily leach and biodegrade. The biodegradation in soil is generally rapid with half-lives of under 5 days even in subsurface soils.
Environmental: Phenol does not bioconcentrate in aquatic organisms. In the atmosphere, phenol occurs as a vapor and reacts with photochemically-produced hydroxyl radicals resulting in a half-life of approximately 15 hours. During the nighttime, it reacts with nitrate radicals with a resulting half-life of 12 minutes. Phenol has also been shown to be readily removed from the atmosphere by rain.
Physical: No information available.
Other: Do not empty into drains.

Section 13 - Disposal Considerations

Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series:
CAS# 108-95-2: waste number U188.

Section 14 - Transport Information

Hazard Class: 6.1 6.1(9.2)
UN Number: UN1671 UN1671
Packing Group: II II

Section 15 - Regulatory Information


     CAS# 108-95-2 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
     CAS# 108-95-2: Effective 6/1/87, Sunset 6/1/97
Chemical Test Rules
     None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
Section 12b
     None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
     None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
     CAS# 108-95-2: 1000 lb final RQ; 454 kg final RQ
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
     CAS# 108-95-2: 500 lb lower threshold TPQ; 10000 lb upper threshold TP      Q
SARA Codes
     CAS # 108-95-2: immediate, delayed, fire.
Section 313
     This material contains Phenol (CAS# 108-95-2, 99+%),which is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373.
Clean Air Act:
     CAS# 108-95-2 is listed as a hazardous air pollutant (HAP).
     This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors.
     This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
CAS# 108-95-2 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA.      CAS# 108-95-2 is listed as a Priority Pollutant under the Clean Water      Act. CAS# 108-95-2 is listed as a Toxic Pollutant under the Clean Water Act.
     None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
     CAS# 108-95-2 can be found on the following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.

California Prop 65

California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed.

European/International Regulations

European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols:
     T C
Risk Phrases:

     R 23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if
     R 34 Causes burns.
     R 48/20/21/22 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by
     prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if
     R 68 Possible risk of irreversible effects.

Safety Phrases:

     S 24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
     S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of
     water and seek medical advice.
     S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face pr
     S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice
     immediately (show the label where possible).
     S 28A After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water

WGK (Water Danger/Protection)

     CAS# 108-95-2: 2
Canada - DSL/NDSL
     CAS# 108-95-2 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
     This product has a WHMIS classification of B3, D1A, D2A, E.
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS contains all of the information required by those regulations.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
     CAS# 108-95-2 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.

Section 16 - Additional Information

MSDS Creation Date: 7/15/1999
Revision #7 Date: 7/28/2008

The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the possibility of such damages.