Material Safety Data Sheet
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification
MSDS Name: Phenol
AC149340000, AC149340025, AC149340040, AC149340050, AC149340051,
Hydroxybenzene; Carbolic acid.
1 Reagent Lane
Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call: 201-796-7100
Emergency Number: 201-796-7100
For CHEMTREC assistance, call: 800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call: 703-527-3887
Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients
|| 99+ ||203-632-7
Section 3 - Hazards Identification
Appearance: colorless solid. Flash Point: 79 deg C.
Danger! Danger of serious damage to health by
prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed. May be fatal
if inhaled, absorbed through the skin or swallowed. Causes burns by
all exposure routes. Possible risks of irreversible effects. May
cause central nervous system effects. Material is a solid at room
temperature that melts upon moderate heating into a combustible
liquid with a flash point below 200°F(93.3°C). Hygroscopic (absorbs
moisture from the air).
Target Organs: Blood, kidneys, central nervous
system, liver, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, eyes,
Potential Health Effects
Causes eye burns.
May be fatal if absorbed through the skin. Causes skin burns.
Direct skin contact results in white, wrinkled discoloration,
followed by severe burns. Phenol may be absorbed through the skin
rapidly to cause systemic poisoning and possible death due to effects
on the CNS system, heart, blood vessels, lungs and kidneys.
May be fatal if swallowed. Causes gastrointestinal tract burns.
May be fatal if inhaled. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory
tract. May cause central nervous system effects.
May cause liver and kidney damage. Adverse reproductive effects have
been reported in animals. Chronic exposure may cause blood effects.
Animal studies have reported the development of tumors. Possible risk
of irreversible effects.
Chronic exposures have been reported to cause death from liver and
Section 4 - First Aid Measures
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes,
occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid imme
Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes
while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. SPEEDY ACTION IS
CRITICAL, GET MEDICAL AID IMMEDIATELY.
SPEED IS ESSENTIAL. A DOCTOR MUST BE NOTIFIED AT ONCE. POISON
material. If swallowed, get medical aid immediately. Only induce
vomiting if directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give
anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing
is difficult, give oxygen. SPEED IS ESSENTIAL, OBTAIN MEDICAL AID
IMMEDIATELY. Do not use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if victim
ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration
with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other
proper respiratory medical device.
Notes to Physician:
Treat symptomatically and supportively.
Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in
pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full
protective gear. Will burn if involved in a fire. Containers may
explode in the heat of a fire. Material is a solid at room
temperature that melts upon moderate heating into a combustible
liquid with a flash point below 200°F(93.3°C).
Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.
Flash Point: 79 deg C ( 174.20 deg F)
Autoignition Temperature: 605 deg C ( 1,121.00 deg F)
Explosion Limits, Lower:1.30 vol %
Upper: 9.50 vol %
(estimated) Health: 4; Flammability: 2; Instability: 0
Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated
in Section 8.
Wear a self contained breathing apparatus and appropriate personal
protection. (See Exposure Controls, Personal Protection section).
Sweep up or absorb material, then place into a suitable clean, dry,
closed container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Evacuate
unnecessary personnel. Do not let this chemical enter the
Section 7 - Handling and Storage
Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Use spark-proof tools and
explosion proof equipment. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on
clothing. Take precautionary measures against static discharges. Keep
away from heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Use only
in a chemical fume hood.
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry place.
Store in a tightly closed container. Corrosives area. Store
protected from moisture. Store protected from light.
Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection
Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or
utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility
and a safety shower. Use only under a chemical fume hood.
||OSHA - Final PELs|
5 ppm TWA; Skin - potential significant contribution to overall exposure by the cutaneous r oute
5 ppm TWA; 19 mg/m3 TWA 250 ppm IDLH
5 ppm TWA; 19 mg/m3 TWA
OSHA Vacated PELs:
5 ppm TWA; 19 mg/m3 TWA
Personal Protective Equipment
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical
safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face
protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29
CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European
Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace
conditions warrant respirator use.
Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical State: Solid
Odor: sharp odor - sweetish odor
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 0.4 mbar @ 20 deg C
Vapor Density: 3.2
Evaporation Rate:0.01 (butyl acetate=1)
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 182 deg C @ 760 mmHg
Freezing/Melting Point:39 - 42 deg C
Decomposition Temperature:Not available.
Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity
Light sensitive. Hygroscopic: absorbs moisture or water from the
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, light, ignition sources, dust generation,
excess heat, exposure to moist air or water.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, bases, aluminum, halogens, magnesium, nitric
acid, zinc, calcium hypochlorite, lead.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.
Section 11 - Toxicological Information
rabbit, eye: 5 mg Severe;
test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Severe;
Draize test, rabbit, skin: 100 mg
Inhalation, mouse: LC50 =
Inhalation, mouse: LC50
= 177 mg/m3/4H;
LC50 = 316 mg/m3;
LC50 = 316 mg/m3/4H;
LD50 = 270 mg/kg;
Oral, rat: LD50 =
Oral, rat: LD50 = 512
Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 630
Skin, rat: LD50 = 669
Skin, rat: LD50 = 1500
Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NTP, or CA Prop 65.
Tumorigenic effects have been reported in experimental
animals.IARC Group 3: Limited or insufficient evidence for
carcinogenicity in both animals and humans.
Teratogenic effects have occurred in experimental animals.
Adverse reproductive effects have occurred in experimental
Mutagenic effects have occurred in experimental animals.
No information found
Section 12 - Ecological Information
Water flea Daphnia: EC50=12 mg/l; 48-hour; CAS# 108-95-2:
UnspecifiedWater flea Daphnia: EC50=4.0 mg/l; 96-hour; CAS#
108-95-2: UnspecifiedFish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 > 50 mg/l; 1 Hr;
CAS# 108-95-2 Static @ 18-22°CFish: Fathead Minnow: TLm = 41
mg/L; 48-hour; CAS# 108-95-2: Flow-through @ 15°CFish:
Bluegill/Sunfish: TLm = 19 / 5.7 mg/L; 96 Hr; CAS# 108-95-2:
If released to the environment, phenol's primary removal mechanism is
biodegradation which is generally rapid (days). If phenol is released
to soil, it will readily leach and biodegrade. The biodegradation in
soil is generally rapid with half-lives of under 5 days even in
Phenol does not bioconcentrate in aquatic organisms. In the
atmosphere, phenol occurs as a vapor and reacts with
photochemically-produced hydroxyl radicals resulting in a half-life
of approximately 15 hours. During the nighttime, it reacts with
nitrate radicals with a resulting half-life of 12 minutes. Phenol
has also been shown to be readily removed from the atmosphere by
No information available.
Do not empty into drains.
Section 13 - Disposal Considerations
Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified
as a hazardous waste.
US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3.
Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to
ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
CAS# 108-95-2: waste
Section 14 - Transport Information
Section 15 - Regulatory Information
CAS# 108-95-2 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
CAS# 108-95-2: Effective 6/1/87, Sunset 6/1/97
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
CAS# 108-95-2: 1000 lb final RQ; 454 kg final RQ
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
CAS# 108-95-2: 500 lb lower threshold TPQ; 10000 lb upper threshold TP
CAS # 108-95-2: immediate, delayed, fire.
This material contains Phenol (CAS#
108-95-2, 99+%),which is subject to the reporting requirements of
Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373.
Clean Air Act:
CAS# 108-95-2 is listed as a hazardous air pollutant (HAP).
This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors.
This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
CAS# 108-95-2 is listed as a Hazardous Substance under the CWA.
CAS# 108-95-2 is listed as a Priority Pollutant under the Clean Water
CAS# 108-95-2 is listed as a Toxic Pollutant under the Clean Water
None of the chemicals in this product
are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
CAS# 108-95-2 can be found on the
following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.
California Prop 65
California No Significant Risk Level:
None of the chemicals in this product are listed.
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
R 23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if
R 34 Causes burns.
R 48/20/21/22 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by
prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if
R 68 Possible risk of irreversible effects.
S 24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of
water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face pr
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice
immediately (show the label where possible).
S 28A After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 108-95-2: 2
Canada - DSL/NDSL
CAS# 108-95-2 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
This product has a WHMIS classification of B3, D1A, D2A, E.
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard
criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS
contains all of the information required by those regulations.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
CAS# 108-95-2 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.
Section 16 - Additional Information
MSDS Creation Date: 7/15/1999
Revision #7 Date: 7/28/2008
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best
information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of
merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to
such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users
should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the
information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable
for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits
or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary
damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of
the possibility of such damages.